Dried chilli is extensively used as spice in curried dishes. It is also used as an ingredient in curry powder and in seasonings. Paprika, Byadige chilli, Warangal chapatta and similar high colour less pungent varieties are widely used for colour extraction. This colour is highly popular among food and beverage processors for its use as a colourant, since this being a ‘natural plant colour’.
As a medicine it is used as a counter irritant in Lumbago, Neuralgia, and Rheumatic disorders. Capsicum has a tonic and carminative action. Taken inordinately it may cause gastro-enteritis. The enzyme isolated from chilly is used in the treatment of certain type of cancers. Oleoresin capsicum is used in pain balms and vapourubs. Dehydrated green chilly is a good source of vitamin C. The extract of green chillies can be used as bio-insecticide.